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A Basic Web Page 
and its Elements


  web page design index

Study Guides index in English as home site

search form for web site 



such as Netscape and Internet Explorer (IE) enable you to access websites. Netscape and IE do not have any responsibility for determining whether or not the information in a Website is accurate or misleading. You must evaluate websites. These are a set of terms for using websites:

Title Bar defines the title of the web site itself taken from the first words of the first page

Menu bar follows both word commands and buttons for short cuts;

Location specifies the website's address;

A sponsoring organization or individual is responsible for the information contained in their website. Its address, or Uniform Resource locator (URL), is located in the browser's menu bar. For example, the University of St. Thomas' ISS/Learning Center address is: You can often determine the sponsoring organization of a website by deleting or altering part of its address. For example, the Learning Center is part of Instructional Support Services (ISS), or ISS is part of the University of St. Thomas: Addresses also contain descriptors of the origin of the page: education - .edu; commerce - .com; government - .gov; military - .mil.

If you see a number instead of a name in the address, for example, ISS: they do not wish to reveal their organization name, or the name is not yet approved. This number is a signal that the registered organization may not wish to be identified with their site, and that the information can be questionable. Also keep in mind that the server's URL number is unique, but that any server can have several options for names as address.

Buttons are short cuts to locations as defined by Netscape;


There are two schools of thought in navigating within websites:

1.  Long, scrolled page(s)

2.  Shorter, linked pages

Frames: often a page is divided into independently operated frames.
One common design is a dual frame: a left, narrow navigational bar or index, and a larger, right body of information

Site links index is often found at the bottom of the page, and refer to links, both within and external to the website. They can also be found in a framed index

Often a webpage "site map" is available as a reference for users, serving the purpose of a table of contents with links.


The content of a webpage often occupies little of the displayed space within the website.  Besides the browser (Netscape, Internet Explorer, Tango) information, space is also required for navigation, Titles, and website documentation, not to mention "white space".

Title/graphic announce the subject of the webpage/site

body copy contains the website's information

Website documentation: refers to the author/webmaster and programmer, sponsoring institution, date of last update, and often a count of the number of times a site is accessed.

Authors and creators
of websites should be clearly stated within websites, as well as the means to contact them or the webmaster if they differ. The commercial or organizational affiliation should also be clear if there is one.

Institutional affiliation
of the website, or of its authors

when the website was created and last updated

of the website itself

Contacting information
either of the author or of the webmaster, usually through an e-mail link


Feedback to improve this page
(please specify which page)

The Study Guides and Strategies web site was created and is maintained by Joe Landsberger,
academic web site developer at the University of St. Thomas (UST), St. Paul, Minnesota.  It is collaboratively maintained across institutional and national boundaries, and  last revised September 04, 2002 . 

Permission is granted to freely copy, adapt, print, transmit, and distribute
Study Guides in settings that benefit learners. On the WWW, however, please link rather than put up your own page since pages are frequently modified and improved in consideration of educational research.  No request to link is necessary.   Additional contributions and translations are warmly received.

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